Chinese Mahjong Terminology


Chinese Mahjong Terminology

Mahjong is a game that originated in China, commonly played by 4 players.

The game Mahjong was called 麻雀 (pinyin: má què), meaning sparrow in Chinese, which is still the name used in some southern Chinese languages such as Cantonese and Min Nan and as well as in Japanese.

Increase your common Chinese Mahjong knowledge with Casino Cash Journey's mahjong reference guide below.

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Chinese Mahjong Terms


Terminology
Chinese Word Enlgish Word Definition
Ma jiang Mahjong The general Western name for the game.
Pai qiang Wall The structure formed by all the pai (tiles) at the beginning of the game. The source of where pais are dealt.
Pai tou Head The beginning of the wall.
Pai Wei Tail The end of the wall.
Pai Chi Floor The center of the wall where all the discarded pais are placed.
Pai Pai The playing pieces – tiles.
Xu su pai Serials Suits of tiles numbered 1-9.
Tong zi Tans One of the three serial suits.
Suo zi Soks One of the three serial suits.
Wan zi Wans One of the three serial suits.
San yuan pai Dragons A collective term for Red, Green and White dragons.
Hong Zhong Red dragon One of the three dragons.
Fai cai Green dragon One of the three dragons.
Bai ban White dragon One of the three dragons.
Feng Pai Winds Collective term for the East, South, West and North winds.
Dong East One of the four winds.
Nan South One of the four winds.
Xi West One of the four winds.
Bei North One of the four winds.
Hau Pai Flowers Collective term for Blue Flowers and Red Flowers.
Lan hua, mei, lan, zhu ju Blue flowers The flowers that make up the blue flowers collection.
Hong hua, chun, xia, qui dong Red flowers The flowers that make up the red flowers collection.
Fan zi Honors Collective term for Dragons and Winds.
Chun yao jiu Terminals Collective term for 1 and 9 serials.
Yao jiu Unios Collective term for Terminals and Honors
Dui Pair Any two identical pairs.
Shun zi, chi Chow A set of three consecutive pais of any serials.
Ke zi, peng Pung A set of three identical pais of any kind.
Gang Kong A set of four identical pais of any kind.
Yan Eye A set of two identical pais of any kind, in a winning hand.
Fen Score or point Score given to the winning hand.
An Concealed The concealed part of a hand.
Ming Exposed The displayed portion of a hand.